There are several techniques that can be used to remove mold, including:
HEPA vacuuming: A HEPA (high-efficiency particulate air) vacuum is used to remove mold spores and debris from surfaces.
Damp wiping: A damp cloth or sponge is used to wipe mold off surfaces.
Dry ice blasting: Dry ice is propelled at high speeds to blast mold off surfaces. This method is useful for removing mold from hard-to-reach areas.
Soda blasting: baking soda is propelled at high speeds to blast mold off surfaces, This method is useful for removing mold from hard-to-reach areas, and it's less abrasive than sandblasting.
Chemical cleaning: specialized cleaning solutions are used to remove mold from surfaces.
Biocides: specific chemical compounds that are formulated to kill mold.
Sanding: It is less common technique, but it can be used to remove mold from wood surfaces, but it's highly abrasive and can cause damage to the surface.
It's important to note that during the mold removal process, it is essential to contain the work area to prevent the spread of mold spores. Proper personal protective equipment must be worn by the workers.